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Shotcrete: Its Applications, Materials, and Benefits in Construction

As the name suggests, shotcrete is a high-performance concrete or a mortar that is fed through a hose and is projected at high speed onto the backing surface under pressure, with the help of a high-performance concrete gun.

During this spraying activity, the force is given off by the sprayer that causes the concrete to compact, which at that point will result in layers of concrete being structured up to the required thickness due to the compaction of the concrete. In order to construct curved surfaces of varying shapes and sizes, shotcrete has proven to be the best method.

Since shotcrete technology has been developed, tunnel linings and domes can be constructed much more easily. A wide variety of cementitious materials can be set using this widely recognized and utilized method.

An application of shotcrete is generally made to a gashed surface in order to protect it from disintegration, for example, when the surface is broken or deformed resulting in it being unsound for a number of reasons. It has been observed in recent years that shotcrete has become increasingly popular in the mining industry as it is used for underground help.

Benefits of using Shotcrete

Shotcrete in construction has many benefits that we have mentioned below:-

  • The Shotcrete provides excellent durability and is also the perfect concrete to hold the dividers of the structures.
  • As a result of shotcrete, the banks of the earth are strengthened and secured.
  • A structure like this would be made of this type of concrete because it is extremely savvy in nature.
  • As compared to in-situ concrete drivers, construction speed was faster.
  • Construction corrections can be made by using shotcrete technology.
  • This material is highly durable, highly strong, and has a low permeability.
  • The cost of the work is low due to the fact that cement can be done extremely quickly with spraying.
  • Assists in maintaining a strong bond to the earth's surface by providing great bonding strength.
  • The additional balance required for holding the divider will no longer be needed.
  • The set-up of the structure and the pouring of the concrete can be completed in a shorter time frame.

Various applications of Shotcrete concrete

Below mentioned a few applications of Shotcrete in construction:-

  • A wide variety of constructions can be made with this material, such as thin overhead surfaces horizontal or vertical, especially for folded or curved sections, reservoirs, canal linings, and tunnel linings.
  • There are various other uses for this material as well, such as water holding structures, swimming pools, and prestressed tanks.
  • There have been numerous examples of this procedure being employed to adjust rock slopes and to provide a brief assurance to stone surfaces that have just been uncovered.
  • This is an application that is used to provide a long-term corrosion-resistant coating for pilling, oil tanks, coal fortifications, steel building frames, and other types of structures that are used in construction, as well as for encasing structural steel for the purpose of insulating it.
  • They are used in applications requiring high temperatures, such as recalcitrant coatings for chimneys, kilns, furnaces, and the like, as well as for use in recalcitrant applications.

Materials used to make Shotcrete

Below mentioned the materials used to create the shotcrete:-


As with traditional concrete, shotcrete has the same cement requirements as traditional concrete. Depending on the aggregates employed in the mix, it should be indicated that a low-alkali cement is recommended, particularly if they are chemically compatible with the alkalies in the cement.

Using wet-mix cement with an air-entraining agent, a change has been accomplished in the outcome of concrete, with the air content being much lower than that of conventional concrete, which has been achieved with the use of air-entraining cement.

Water requirements

It is necessary to use potable water for making Shotcrete. There should be an alternative water source available in the event this isn't possible. Architectural shotcrete must be cured in a manner that liberates the water from any staining components.

Reinforced steel

Similarly, the reinforcement bars used for shotcrete concrete should meet the same requirements as the reinforcement bars used in ordinary concrete. Since the placement method is different from the usual one, it is not efficient to use larger diameter wires or steel in significant concentrations due to the inefficiency of the placement method.

There is difficulty in achieving sufficient development of good quality shotcrete behind large bars, and heavy concentrations of steel make it difficult to place the shotcrete in the right place as a result of enormous bars being in the way.


Shotcreting with lightweight aggregates is generally used in conjunction with the dry-mix method of construction. In the customary lightweight concrete creation process, if the aggregate and moisture do not come in contact with each other until the spout, then the extreme workability decreases that normally occur will not happen.

Chemical admixtures

In order to guarantee that the ideal properties are achieved, it is essential to test mixtures in the field before they are used for large-scale operations. Shotcrete needs to be made with chemical additives that conform to the requirements determined by the manufacturer.

To get more details, watch the following video tutorial.

Video Source: Melbourne School of Design

Shotcrete: Its applications, materials, and benefits in construction