Design and Types of Retaining Wall
Retaining wall is designed to prevent soil pressure. Specially in that situation where a change is happened in mound of ground. Retaining wall is basically used to support soil so that the soil can be retained at both sides. This type of wall also prevents infiltration of soil to slope.
Various types of Retaining wall
There is different type of retaining wall. They are mentioned below. The types are:
1. Gravity Wall
This type of wall generally dependent on its heavy material to prevent the pressure from back and increases the stability. Short landscaping wall is made of mortarless stone or masonry unit. This type of wall is kind of flexible. Gravity wall does not require strong footing.
2. Reinforced Retaining Wall
This type of wall is a gravity structure. The weight of the wall and reinforcement bars in the wall provide durability against overturning.
3. Counter-fort Retaining Wall
This type of wall is cantilever wall. In back this type of wall has wall slab and base slab. This type of wall is tension stiffeners. It also connects the wall slab and base slab to prevent bending and spread the stresses.
Counter-fort are basically used in vertical walls to prevent the bending process. Counter-fort are placed in there at same distance from each other. This type of walls is preferable for 8 to 12m height of wall.
4. Reinforced Soil Retaining Wall
This type of wall stabilized mechanically. This type of walls is made of steel and GeoTextile soil reinforcement. This is placed in layers within specially controlled beady fill. Retaining soil behaves like retaining wall if this wall builds as an unseparated part of the design. It is also very cheap than any other type of material. This type of wall is also result of ground conditions.
5. Soil Nailed Wall
The special bars which work in tension and also excavate in that area to reinforce the soil as work progress for constructing a soil nailed wall is called passive bars. This type of bar is generally parallel to each other and incline to the downwards. This bars also work in separating and bending. The slightest friction or vibration between the soil and nail keeps the nails in tention.
6. Anchored Wall
This type of wall in any style. Extra pair of cable is needed here to give it additional strength. Anchor are generally expanded at the end of cable by using mechanical means or pressurized concrete. This expands in soil in shape of a bulb.
7. Sheet Piled Wall
piling is kind of technique that retain soil and support mining, victimize sheet section by interlocking edges. This type of wall behaves like a temporary wall. It has been driven into mining to support the collapse of soft soil from higher ground to lower ground.
This type of wall is very high resistant to spread the stresses and helps the whole thing to lightweight. If protection is taken very well then, this type of wall can be reused and give service for long above or below the water. Professionals can easily adapt the length of pile by bolting and also joints the square measure less skillful for disfiguring throughout driving.
8. Pile Wall
Engineers can measure the square shape by section of each concrete piles. Victimization lubricator and augering can measure the square of piles.
The chopper piles can be overlapped by three inches. Tangent pile walls do not have any overlap. Square measurement of Tangent pile made flush with one another. Excessive alignment flexibility is the main advantage of secant and tangent walls. In this case waterproofing process is very problematic at the joints. The excessive cost to make this type wall is also an important disadvantage to the customers.
9. Soldier Wall
This type of wall is very popular to ancient Roman military engineers. This type of wall is also used for deep mining. Making this type of wall is cheaper than any other type of wall. Professionals can also make these walls very quickly. This type of wall is not good for temporary construction. This type of wall is not so stiff.
10. Bored Pile Wall
This type of wall is made of set of bored piles. This type of wall is used to pop out the excess oil.
This type of wall is contained of earth anchors, reinforcing beams, operations for soil improvement reinforcement layer. If pile driver generates any type of vibration then this type of wall is not suitable.
11. Mechanical Stabilization Wall
MSE stands for mechanically stabilized earth. This type of wall can tolerate any kind of differential movement. The face of wall is filled with beady type of soil. this type of wall can easily be constructed and this type of wall does not require any formwork.
In this article we discussed about retaining wall, types of retaining wall, usages, advantages and disadvantages very easily. If viewers find this article informative and useful please give feedback below this article and let us know about your opinion.